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Category: Business, Corporate

LLC Derivative Lawsuits

Though the cases are not as nearly developed as with corporations, limited liability companies (LLCs) are subject to derivative lawsuits. A typical derivative lawsuit is one in which a member/owner of the company brings a claim on behalf of the LLC against a manager, director or third-party. Usually the manager/director is authorized to bring the […]

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LLC Manager Removal

Unlike with corporations, partnerships and other business entities, there are few statutory provisions addressing the procedures for removing a manager of a limited liability company in Missouri. If a LLC is manager-managed, then management is vested in the manager(s), who has the right and authority to manage the affairs of the LLC and make decisions […]

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Nonprofit Corporation Derivative Actions

A corporate derivative action is one in which a shareholder or member sues on behalf of the corporation and against a director — usually for mismanagement, breach of fiduciary duty and/or some other malfeasance. The reasoning is that the injury is to the corporation and that the corporation, not its members/shareholders, must bring the suit […]

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Regulatory Taking, Eminent Domain, Real Property

Both the Missouri and US Constitutions prohibit the “taking” of private property without just compensation. A “taking” can occur in a variety of situations. It is not just when a government seizes possession of property. A “regulatory taking” occurs when a government regulation goes too far. Clay County ex rel. County Com’n v. Harley and […]

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Offer of Proof, Evidence

Trials require evidence by a party to establish his or her claims or defenses. Only admissible evidence is permitted. Admissible evidence must generally be relevant, legally and logically. “Logical relevance” is the tendency to “make the existence of a material fact more or less probable.” State v. Freeman, 269 S.W.3d 422, 426 (Mo. 2008). “Legal […]

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Medical Testimony, Experts

Depending on the nature of the case (e.g., medical malpractice, trust/will challenges for lack of capacity or undue influence, etc.), medical testimony is often crucial. The qualification of a physician as an expert is generally within the trial court’s substantial discretion. Ponciroli v. Wyrick, 573 S.W.2d 731, 735 (Mo.Ct.App.1978). Generally, a practicing physician, even when […]

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Contractual Consideration

The three basic components of a contract are offer, acceptance and consideration. When these things exist can change depending on the nature of the parties (e.g., UCC, merchants). While the concepts of offer and acceptance are relatively straightforward to a non-lawyer, consideration is often not. Consideration is either a promise (to do or refrain from […]

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Partnership Dissolution

A general partnership typically exists when two or more persons carry on a business as co-owners for profit. Stuart v. Overland Medical Center, 510 S.W.2d 494, 497 (Mo. Ct. App. 1974). It is more specifically defined as a “a contract of two or more competent persons to place their money, effects, labor and skill, or […]

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Best Evidence Rule, Original Documentation

The best evidence rule generally requires that only original documentation may be admitted as evidence at trial to show the terms of the document/writing. A duplicate is not admissible under the best evidence rule. Interstate Distrib., Inc. v. Freeman, 904 S.W.2d 481,, 484 (Mo. Ct. App. 1995). It is a narrow rule and only applies […]

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Law of the Case Doctrine, Re-litigation

There are numerous legal theories and arguments which prohibit the re-litigation of certain issues that were previously decided (e.g, collateral estoppel, res judicata). One such theory — the “law-of-the-case doctrine” — dictates that a previous holding or finding in a case constitutes the law of the case and precludes re-litigation of the issue on remand […]

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